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Isolation and identification of a novel bacterium, Lactobacillus sakei subsp. dgh strain 5, and optimization of growth condition for highest antagonistic activity
- Tashakor, Amin, Hosseinzadehdehkordi, Mahshid, Emruzi, Zeynab, Gholami, Dariush
- Microbial pathogenesis 2017 v.106 pp. 78-84
- Lactobacillus sakei, Listeria monocytogenes, ammonium nitrate, bacteria, beef, carbon, food pathogens, nitrogen, nucleotide sequences, pH, peptones, phosphorus, ribosomal RNA, sequence analysis, sodium phosphate, sugars, temperature
- In the present study, we isolated Lactobacillus sakei strain DGH5 from raw beef meat. This bacterium plays an inhibitory effect against food-spoiling bacteria and food-borne pathogens, including Listeria monocytogenes, a gram-positive and pathogenic bacterium. Lactobacillus sakei strain DGH5 was identified through both phenotypical and biochemical tests accompanied with 16S rRNA sequence analysis. Among all the sources of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorous forms, we selected the most potent compounds to optimize the condition for the highest antagonistic activity. Among the sugars, polygalacturonic acid demonstrated to improve the antagonistic activity. Ammonium nitrate demonstrated to be suitable nitrogen sources. Amongst phosphorous sources, disodium hydrogen phosphate had the greatest antagonistic effect. According to Taguchi's orthogonal array, temperature, disodium hydrogen phosphate and soy Peptone had significant effect on antagonistic activity. Furthermore, mean comparisons showed that the optimum conditions achieved at pH 6.0, 25 °C temperature, 1.5% (w/v) Na2HPO4 and 0.5% (w/v) peptone.