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In Situ Evaluation of Crop Productivity and Bioaccumulation of Heavy Metals in Paddy Soils after Remediation of Metal-Contaminated Soils

Kim, Shin Woong, Chae, Yooeun, Moon, Jongmin, Kim, Dokyung, Cui, Rongxue, An, Gyeonghyeon, Jeong, Seung-Woo, An, Youn-Joo
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2017 v.65 no.6 pp. 1239-1246
Oryza sativa, Sorghum bicolor, Triticum aestivum, bioaccumulation, bioremediation, field experimentation, heavy metals, paddy soils, plant growth, polluted soils, rice, seeds, soil amendments, soil treatment, washing, wheat
Soils contaminated with heavy metals have been reused for agricultural, building, and industrial uses following remediation. This study assesses plant growth and bioaccumulation of heavy metals following remediation of industrially contaminated soil. The soil was collected from a field site near a nonferrous smelter and was subjected to laboratory- and field-scale studies. Soil from the contaminated site was remediated by washing with acid or mixed with soil taken from a distant uncontaminated site. The activities of various soil exoenzymes, the rate of plant growth, and the bioaccumulations of six heavy metals were measured to assess the efficacy of these bioremediation techniques. Growth of rice (Oryza sativa) was unaffected in acid-washed soil or the amended soil compared to untreated soil from the contaminated site. The levels of heavy metals in the rice kernels remained within safe limits in treated and untreated soils. Rice, sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), and wheat (Triticum aestivum) cultivated in the same soils in the laboratory showed similar growth rates. Soil exoenzyme activities and crop productivity were not affected by soil treatment in field experiments. In conclusion, treatment of industrially contaminated soil by acid washing or amendment did not adversely affect plant productivity or lead to increased bioaccumulation of heavy metals in rice.