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Exploring the Relationship between Structural and Air–Water Interfacial Properties of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Gluten Hydrolysates in a Food System Relevant pH Range

Wouters, Arno G. B., Fierens, Ellen, Rombouts, Ine, Brijs, Kristof, Joye, Iris J., Delcour, Jan A.
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2017 v.65 no.6 pp. 1263-1271
Triticum aestivum, fluorescence, foaming, foaming properties, foams, gluten, hydrolysates, hydrolysis, hydrophobicity, pH, protein conformation, viscoelasticity, wheat, wheat protein hydrolysates
The relationship between structural and foaming properties of two tryptic and two peptic wheat gluten hydrolysates was studied at different pH conditions. The impact of pH on foam stability (FS) of the samples heavily depended on the peptidase used and the degree of hydrolysis reached. Surface dilatational moduli were in most, but not all, instances related to FS, implying that, although the formation of a viscoelastic protein hydrolysate film is certainly important, this is not the only phenomenon that determines FS. In contrast to what might be expected, surface charge was not a major factor contributing to FS, except when close to the point-of-zero-charge. Surface hydrophobicity and intrinsic fluorescence measurements suggested that changes in protein conformation take place when the pH is varied, which can in turn influence foaming. Finally, hydrolyzed gluten proteins formed relatively large particles, suggesting that protein hydrolysate aggregation probably influences its foaming properties.