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Ruthenium(II) Complex Incorporated UiO-67 Metal–Organic Framework Nanoparticles for Enhanced Two-Photon Fluorescence Imaging and Photodynamic Cancer Therapy

Chen, Rui, Zhang, Jinfeng, Chelora, Jipsa, Xiong, Yuan, Kershaw, Stephen V., Li, King Fai, Lo, Pik-Kwan, Cheah, Kok Wai, Rogach, Andrey L., Zapien, Juan Antonio, Lee, Chun-Sing
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2017 v.9 no.7 pp. 5699-5708
biocompatibility, coordination polymers, cytoplasm, fluorescence, image analysis, irradiation, nanoparticles, photochemotherapy, ruthenium
Ruthenium(II) tris(bipyridyl) cationic complex (Ru(bpy)₃²⁺) incorporated UiO-67 (Universitetet i Oslo) nanoscale metal–organic frameworks (NMOFs) with an average diameter of ∼92 nm were developed as theranostic nanoplatform for in vitro two-photon fluorescence imaging and photodynamic therapy. After incorporation into porous UiO-67 nanoparticles, the quantum yield, luminescence lifetime, and two-photon fluorescence intensity of Ru(bpy)₃²⁺ guest molecules were much improved owing to the steric confinement effect of MOF pores. Benefiting from these merits, the as-synthesized nanoparticles managed to be internalized by A549 cells while providing excellent red fluorescence in cytoplasm upon excitation with 880 nm irradiation. Photodynamic therapeutic application of the Ru(bpy)₃²⁺-incorporated UiO-67 NMOFs was investigated in vitro. The Ru(bpy)₃²⁺-incorporated UiO-67 NMOFs exhibited good biocompatibility without irradiation while having good cell-killing rates upon irradiation. In view of these facts, the developed Ru(bpy)₃²⁺-incorporated NMOFs give a new potential pathway to achieve enhanced two-photon fluorescence imaging and photodynamic therapy.