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Biphasic Affinity Chromatographic Approach for Deep Tyrosine Phosphoproteome Analysis
- Deng, Zhenzhen, Dong, Mingming, Wang, Yan, Dong, Jing, Li, Shawn S.-C., Zou, Hanfa, Ye, Mingliang
- Analytical chemistry 2017 v.89 no.4 pp. 2405-2410
- affinity chromatography, agarose, cost effectiveness, human diseases, neoplasms, peptides, phosphorylation, physiology, proteome, rapid methods, serine, signal transduction, threonine, tyrosine
- Tyrosine phosphorylation (pTyr) is important for normal physiology and implicated in many human diseases, particularly cancer. Identification of pTyr sites is critical to dissecting signaling pathways and understanding disease pathologies. However, compared with serine/threonine phosphorylation (pSer/pThr), the analysis of pTyr at the proteome level is more challenging due to its low abundance. Here, we developed a biphasic affinity chromatographic approach where Src SH2 superbinder was coupled with NeutrAvidin affinity chromatography, for tyrosine phosphoproteome analysis. With the use of competitive elution agent biotin-pYEEI, this strategy can distinguish high-affinity phosphotyrosyl peptides from low-affinity ones, while the excess competitive agent is readily removed by using NeutrAvidin agarose resin in an integrated tip system. The excellent performance of this system was demonstrated by analyzing tyrosine phosphoproteome of Jurkat cells from which 3,480 unique pTyr sites were identified. The biphasic affinity chromatography method for deep Tyr phosphoproteome analysis is rapid, sensitive, robust, and cost-effective. It is widely applicable to the global analysis of the tyrosine phosphoproteome associated with tyrosine kinase signal transduction.