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Imparting Catalytic Activity to a Covalent Organic Framework Material by Nanoparticle Encapsulation

Shi, Xiaofei, Yao, Youjin, Xu, Yulong, Liu, Kun, Zhu, Guangshan, Chi, Lifeng, Lu, Guang
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2017 v.9 no.8 pp. 7481-7488
adsorption, benzene, catalytic activity, crystal structure, encapsulation, geometry, gold, nanogold, nanoparticles, p-nitrophenol, polyvinylpyrrolidone, thermal stability
Integrating covalent organic frameworks (COFs) with other functional materials is a useful route to enhancing their performances and extending their applications. We report herein a simple encapsulation method for incorporating catalytically active Au nanoparticles with different sizes, shapes, and contents in a two-dimensional (2D) COF material constructed by condensing 1,3,5-tris(4-aminophenyl)benzene (TAPB) with 2,5-dimethoxyterephthaldehyde (DMTP). The encapsulation is assisted by the surface functionalization of Au nanoparticles with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and follows a mechanism based on the adsorption of nanoparticles onto surfaces of the initially formed polymeric precursor of COF. The incorporation of nanoparticles does not alter obviously the crystallinity, thermal stability, and pore structures of the framework matrices. The obtained COF composites with embedded but accessible Au nanoparticles possess large surface areas and highly open mesopores and display recyclable catalytic performance for reduction of 4-nitrophenol, which cannot be catalyzed by the pure COF material, with activities relevant to contents and geometric structures of the incorporated nanoparticles.