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Evaluation of sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) single cross hybrids under heat stress condition

Khan, Maria, Rauf, Saeed, Munir, Hassan, Kausar, Maria, Hussain, Muhammad Mubashar, Ashraf, Ejaz
Archiv für Acker- und Pflanzenbau und Bodenkunde 2017 v.63 no.4 pp. 525-535
Helianthus annuus, cell membranes, fruits, gametophytes, genotype, genotype-environment interaction, heat stress, hybrids, oilseed crops, pollen, seed industry, seed yield, seeds, viability
Sunflower is an important oilseed crop, which shows susceptibility to heat stress. In this study, 63 single cross hybrids were evaluated under heat stress condition for 2 years and compared with the two commercial hybrids. Genotype and genotype × environment (GGE) was used to differentiate single cross hybrids on the basis of multiple traits. GGE biplot showed that several single cross hybrids had higher seed yield potential than standard check. Moreover, seed yield per plant (SYP) was related to pollen viability percentage, showing that achene yield was the product of high gametophytic fertility under heat stress. Hybrids having high seed yield potential under heat stress had lower cell membrane injury. GGE biplot for SYP and its components showed that single cross hybrids were characterized into two major groups. Group I was further characterized into two sub group. Group Ia included hybrids with high 100-SW, while group Ib had the hybrids with high number of seeds per head and head diameter. Group II had the hybrids with high kernel weight and kernel to seed ratio. The hybrids could be recommended according to their potential utilization in the seed industry.