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Simple automatic strategy for background drift correction in chromatographic data analysis A

Fu, Hai-Yan, Li, He-Dong, Yu, Yong-Jie, Wang, Bing, Lu, Peng, Cui, Hua-Peng, Liu, Ping-Ping, She, Yuan-Bin
Journal of chromatography 2016 v.1449 pp. 89-99
Escherichia coli, data collection, gas chromatography, least squares, liquid chromatography, metabolic studies
Chromatographic background drift correction, which influences peak detection and time shift alignment results, is a critical stage in chromatographic data analysis. In this study, an automatic background drift correction methodology was developed. Local minimum values in a chromatogram were initially detected and organized as a new baseline vector. Iterative optimization was then employed to recognize outliers, which belong to the chromatographic peaks, in this vector, and update the outliers in the baseline until convergence. The optimized baseline vector was finally expanded into the original chromatogram, and linear interpolation was employed to estimate background drift in the chromatogram. The principle underlying the proposed method was confirmed using a complex gas chromatographic dataset. Finally, the proposed approach was applied to eliminate background drift in liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight samples used in the metabolic study of Escherichia coli samples. The proposed method was comparable with three classical techniques: morphological weighted penalized least squares, moving window minimum value strategy and background drift correction by orthogonal subspace projection. The proposed method allows almost automatic implementation of background drift correction, which is convenient for practical use.