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Aluminum-induced changes in properties and fouling propensity of DOM solutions revealed by UV–vis absorbance spectral parameters
- Zhou, Minghao, Meng, Fangang
- Water research 2016 v.93 pp. 153-162
- absorbance, absorption, aluminum, aluminum chloride, coagulation, dissolved organic matter, fouling, humic acids, particle size, serum albumin, spectroscopy, ultrafiltration, zeta potential
- The integration of pre-coagulation with ultrafiltration (UF) is expected to not only reduce membrane fouling but also improve natural organic matter (NOM) removal. However, it is difficult to determine the proper coagulant dosage for different water qualities. The objective of this study was to probe the potential of UV–vis spectroscopic analysis to reveal the coagulant-induced changes in the fouling potentials of dissolved organic matter (DOM) and to determine the optimal coagulant dosage. The Zeta potentials (ZPs) and average particle size of the four DOM solutions (Aldrich humic acid (AHA), AHA-sodium alginate (SA), AHA-bovine serum albumin (BSA) and AHA-dextran (DEX)) coagulated with aluminum chloride (AlCl3) were measured. Results showed that increasing the aluminum coagulant dosage induced the aggregation of DOM. Meanwhile, the addition of aluminum coagulant resulted in an increase in DSlope325-375 (the slope of the log-transformed absorbance spectra from 325 to 375 nm) and a decrease in S275-295 (the slope of the log-transformed absorption coefficient from 275 to 295 nm) and SR (the ratio of Slope275-295 and Slope350-400). The variations of these spectral parameters (i.e., DSlope325-375, S275-295 and SR) correlated well with the aluminum-caused changes in ZPs and average particle size. This implies that spectral parameters have the potential to indicate DOM aggregation. In addition, good correlations of spectral parameters and membrane fouling behaviors (i.e., unified membrane fouling index (UMFI)) suggest that the changes in DSlope325-375, S275-295 and SR were indicative of the aluminum-caused alterations of fouling potentials of all DOM solutions. Interestingly, the optimal dosage of aluminum (40 μM for AHA, AHA-BSA, and AHA-DEX) was obtained based on the relation between spectral parameters and fouling behaviors. Overall, the spectroscopic analysis, particularly for the utilization of spectral parameters, provided a convenient approach for the exploration of combined coagulation and UF systems for DOM removal.