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Bioaccumulation and tissue distribution of Pb and Cd and growth effects in the green garden snail, Cantareus apertus (Born, 1778), after dietary exposure to the metals alone and in combination

Mleiki, Anwar, Irizar, Amaia, Zaldibar, Beñat, El Menif, Najoua Trigui, Marigómez, Ionan
The Science of the total environment 2016 v.547 pp. 148-156
bioaccumulation, bioactive properties, cadmium, dietary exposure, dose response, gardens, lead, snails, soil ecosystems, tissue distribution, Northern Africa
The present study was aimed at determining bioaccumulation and cell and tissue distribution of Pb and Cd in the green garden snail, Cantareus apertus (Born, 1778), exposed to different nominal dietary concentrations of Pb (25, 100 and 2500mgPb/kg), Cd (5, 10 and 100mgCd/kg) and their combination (25mg Pb+10mgCd/kg and 2500mg Pb+100mgCd/kg) for 1 and 8wk. Pb and Cd were bioaccumulated in the digestive gland in a dose-dependent manner and the degree of effects on growth was related to the level of exposure, though metal–metal interactions were observed after treatment with mixtures of Pb and Cd. The present results are absolutely comparable to those obtained in other terrestrial pulmonates in other regions and therefore they absolutely support that C. apertus is suitable as biomonitor for the assessment of the Pb and Cd levels and their biological effects in soil ecosystems in Northern Africa.