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Lead effects on Brassica napus photosynthetic organs

Ferreyroa, Gisele V., Lagorio, M. Gabriela, Trinelli, María A., Lavado, Raúl S., Molina, Fernando V.
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 2017 v.140 pp. 123-130
Brassica napus, antioxidants, cell walls, chlorophyll, chloroplasts, flowering, lead, leaves, ontogeny, photosynthesis, plant organs, reflectance, roots, soil, sowing, stems
In this study, effects of lead on ultracellular structure and pigment contents of Brassica napus were examined. Pb(II) was added in soluble form to soil prior to sowing. Pb contents were measured in plant organs at the ontogenetic stages of flowering (FL) and physiological maturity (PM). Pigment contents were evaluated through reflectance measurements. Pb content in organs was found to decrease in the order; roots>stems>leaves. Lead content in senescent leaves at FL stage was significantly higher than harvested leaves, strongly suggesting a detoxification mechanism. Leaves and stems harvested at the PM stage showed damage at subcellular level, namely chloroplast disorganization, cell wall damage and presence of osmiophilic bodies. Chlorophyll content increased in the presence of Pb at the FL stage, compared with control; at the PM stage, chlorophyll contents decreased with low Pb concentration but showed no significant differences with control at high Pb soil concentration. The results suggest an increase in antioxidants at low Pb concentration and cell damage at higher lead concentration.