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Multi-level computational exploration of advanced combustion engine operating strategies
- Vuilleumier, David, Taritas, Ivan, Wolk, Benjamin, Kozarac, Darko, Saxena, Samveg, Dibble, Robert W.
- Applied energy 2016 v.184 pp. 1273-1283
- combustion, control methods, emissions, exhaust systems, fluid mechanics, fuels, heat, heat exchangers, models, paper, pollutants, temperature
- Advanced combustion engine (ACE) research is typically carried out on single-cylinder research engines. These engines are designed to tightly control fueling and conditions at intake valve closure (IVC) and to precisely measure in-cylinder conditions and emissions. However, to be able to measure and control engine operation so precisely, these research engines typically do not feature intake and exhaust tracts that resemble those in production engines, specifically in regards to turbomachinery, heat exchangers, and exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) systems. For this reason, these research engines are effective for understanding in-cylinder combustion parameters such as heat release rate, burn duration, combustion efficiency, pollutant formation, and exhaust valve opening (EVO) conditions.This paper applies high fidelity simulations to determine the feasibility of achieving a chosen single cylinder engine operating point on a production type homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) engine, using a partial fuel stratification (PFS) strategy. To accomplish this, a Converge 3 dimensional (3D) – computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of the experimental combustion chamber and intake and exhaust runners was created to simulate the experimental engine. This model was used to simulate an operating point achieved experimentally, as well as to determine the sensitivity of the operating point to variations in intake pressure, intake temperature, injection timing, injected mass, and EGR fraction. The results from these simulations were fed into a 1-dimensional engine simulation created in AVL Boost, featuring production-type intake and exhaust systems, including turbomachinery and heat exchangers necessary to create the required IVC conditions. This full engine simulation was used to assess the cycle efficiency of the engine at the experimental operating condition, and to assess whether changes to this operating point in intake temperature, intake pressure, direct injection timing, or fueling are beneficial to the cycle efficiency and engine-out emissions. In addition, the sensitivity of promising engine operating points to injection timing and injection mass are determined to evaluate the potential stability of these operating points.