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Screening of supported and unsupported Mn–Si oxygen carriers for CLOU (chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling)

Frick, Volkmar, Rydén, Magnus, Leion, Henrik, Mattisson, Tobias, Lyngfelt, Anders
Energy 2015 v.93 pp. 544-554
additives, aluminum, calcium, calcium hydroxide, fluidized beds, magnesium, magnesium oxide, manganese, methane, milling, oxygen, physicochemical properties, screening, silicon, spray drying, surface area, synthesis gas, temperature, titanium dioxide
Oxygen carriers based on oxides of Mn and Si in combination with Mg, Al, Ca and Ti (Mn0.63Si0.27X0.1, X = Ca(OH)2, TiO2, MgO, AlOOH) were examined for CLOU (chemical-looping with oxygen uncoupling), in terms of oxygen uncoupling ability and ability to convert both methane and syngas. The focus was on the optimization of the production process to yield mechanically strong oxygen carrier particles with a reasonable activity. For this purpose, 15 types of oxygen carriers were produced by spray-drying and calcined for different time periods and at different temperatures.The oxygen uncoupling behavior and gas conversion of the materials were investigated in a batch fluidized-bed reactor under alternating oxidizing and reducing conditions in the temperature range 850–1050 °C. To determine attrition resistance and mechanical stability, a jet-cup attrition rig was used. Furthermore, physical and chemical properties such as specific surface area and crystal phase composition have been determined.For the oxygen carriers with additives of Mg, Al, Ca, Ti, some material combinations showed a significant increase in reactivity and improved mechanical stability compared to the unsupported Mn–Si particles. Changing the production process (milling process and calcination time) just caused slight difference in attrition resistance, gas conversion as well as oxygen release.