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The effect of different co-catalysts (CuO, MoS2 and Pt) on hydrogen production of Er3+:YAlO3/NaTaO3 by visible-light-induced methanol splitting
- Lu, Chunxiao, Chen, Yang, Li, Yun, Ma, Chunhong, Guo, Yuwei, Li, Ying, Wang, Jun
- Energy 2015 v.93 pp. 749-757
- X-ray diffraction, aqueous solutions, cupric oxide, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, heat treatment, hydrogen production, irradiation, luminescence, methanol, mixing, pH, photocatalysis, photocatalysts, scanning electron microscopy, sol-gel processing, temperature, ultraviolet radiation
- In this work, a high effective up-conversion luminescence agent (from infrared and visible light to ultraviolet light), Er3+:YAlO3, was synthesized by sol–gel method. And then, the CuO, MoS2 and Pt were adopted as co-catalysts and the NaTaO3 was used as bulk catalyst, and then the three corresponding visible-light photocatalysts, Er3+:YAlO3/CuO–NaTaO3, Er3+:YAlO3/MoS2–NaTaO3 and Er3+:YAlO3/Pt–NaTaO3, were successfully prepared by hydrothermal and direct mixing methods, respectively. Er3+:YAlO3, NaTaO3, Er3+:YAlO3/CuO–NaTaO3, Er3+:YAlO3/MoS2–NaTaO3 and Er3+:YAlO3/Pt–NaTaO3 were all characterized by X-ray diffractometer (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). The visible-light photocatalytic activities of Er3+:YAlO3/CuO–NaTaO3, Er3+:YAlO3/MoS2–NaTaO3 and Er3+:YAlO3/Pt–NaTaO3 were examined through photocatalytic hydrogen evolution from methanol aqueous solution under visible-light irradiation. The influence factors such as the contents of co-catalysts (CuO, MoS2 and Pt), heat-treated temperature and initial pH value on the visible-light photocatalytic hydrogen evolution activity of Er3+:YAlO3/CuO–NaTaO3, Er3+:YAlO3/MoS2–NaTaO3 and Er3+:YAlO3/Pt–NaTaO3 were studied. The results showed that the Er3+:YAlO3/MoS2–NaTaO3 with 0.2 wt% MoS2 in solution (pH = 6.0) with 5.0 wt% methanol displayed the highest visible light photocatalytic hydrogen production activity.