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A simplified optimization model to short-term electricity planning

Pereira, Sérgio, Ferreira, Paula, Vaz, A.I.F.
Energy 2015 v.93 pp. 2126-2135
carbon dioxide, electricity, greenhouse gas emissions, models, planning, power plants, water power, wind, wind power
Short-term optimization models, usually applied to traditional problems like UC (unit commitment) and economic dispatch problem, are essential tools for the planning and operation of power systems. However, the large number of variables and restrictions, necessary for a good and more accurate representation of any electricity system, require high computational resources, frequently resulting in high computation times. This study proposes a simplified approach of a model for the electricity planning of power plants allocation based on the available resources. The model resources to quadratic penalty functions and avoid on/off binary variables. The approach is then supported on a non-linear optimization model able to solve this electricity planning problem in shorter computation times, with solutions close to the ones obtained with more complex models. The model is fully described and tested under different scenarios of an electricity system comprising thermal, wind, and hydropower plants. The results were compared to the ones obtained with a more complex model, analysing the main differences obtained for cost, CO2 emissions and of wind power impacts on this electricity system. The most remarkable advantage of the simplified model comes from the significant reduction on computational time needed for state-of-the-art optimization solvers to provide an optimal solution, comparatively to mixed integer models.