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Numerical and experimental vibration analysis of olive tree for optimal mechanized harvesting efficiency and productivity

Hoshyarmanesh, Hamidreza, Dastgerdi, Hamid Rezvanı, Ghodsi, Mojtaba, Khandan, Rasoul, Zareinia, Kourosh
Computers and electronics in agriculture 2017 v.132 pp. 34-48
Olea europaea, field experimentation, finite element analysis, mechanical harvesting, mechanization, models, olives, temperature, vibration, water content, wood
A 3D model of a middle-size olive tree has been analyzed considering various shaking conditions by using an attached trunk shaker to improve the harvesting rate as regards the critical nodal acceleration and displacement. The effects of shaking frequency, loading type as well as temperature and loading height were simulated and investigated on olive-stem-twig joint rupture. Comparing the results of finite element modal analysis in ABAQUS 6.10 with those of field experiments, utilizing a hydraulic eccentric-mass trunk shaker, exhibits less than 5% deviation at frequencies between 10 and 25Hz at the first four vibration modes with damping ratio of 16–30%. The experiments and simulations show the maximum harvested quantity of sample middle-size olive trees is 92% and 96%, respectively. It is acquired at f=20Hz, T=28°C for 45% moisture content of wood in late November 2012, without chemicals. The optimized mechanical harvesting yielded the lower number of workers, time saving (∼12tree/h), and to improve the obtained productivity (293kg/h). The results imply that accurate 3D analysis of mechanized olive harvesting can be an efficacious solution to obtain desired parameters and optimal efficiency, which is comparable to manual method.