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Biocompatible, Ultralight, Strong Hydroxyapatite Networks Based on Hydroxyapatite Microtubes with Excellent Permeability and Ultralow Thermal Conductivity

Zhang, Yong-Gang, Zhu, Ying-Jie, Chen, Feng, Sun, Tuan-Wei
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 2017 v.9 no.9 pp. 7918-7928
biocompatibility, compression strength, freeze drying, hydroxyapatite, mechanical properties, permeability, porosity, thermal conductivity
In the past decade, ultralight materials such as aerogels have become one of the hottest research topics owing to their unique properties. However, most reported ultralight materials are bioinert. In this work, by using biocompatible, monodisperse, single-crystalline hydroxyapatite (HAP) microtubes as the building blocks, ultralight, strong, highly porous, three-dimensional (3-D) HAP networks have been successfully fabricated through a facile freeze-drying method and subsequent sintering at 1300 °C for 2 h. The as-prepared ultralight, strong, highly porous 3-D HAP microtube networks exhibit superior properties, such as ultrahigh porosity (89% to 96%), low density (94.1 to 347.1 mg/cm³), high compressive strength that can withstand more than 6400 times of their own weight without any fracture and is higher than aerogels with similar densities, and ultralow thermal conductivity (0.05 W/mK). Owing to their high porosity, ultralight, and good mechanical properties and high biocompatibility, the HAP microtube networks reported herein are promising for applications in various fields.