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A study of torrefied cardboard characterization and applications: Composition, oxidation kinetics and methane adsorption

Delgado, B., López González, D., Godbout, S., Lagacé, R., Giroir-Fendler, A., Avalos Ramirez, A.
The Science of the total environment 2017 v.593-594 pp. 406-417
adsorption, atmospheric pressure, carbon, cardboard, chemical treatment, energy, methane, methane production, models, oxidation, potassium hydroxide, surface area, temperature, torrefaction
Torrefaction is proposed as a valorization process for non recycled cardboard. Torrefied cardboard was physically and chemically characterized and it was proposed for energy production and methane adsorption. The surface area and pore volume obtained were among 3.0–6.0m2/g and 5.7·10−3–2.3·10−2cm3/g, respectively. The carbon content increased with temperature and residence time of torrefaction. Oxidation kinetics of torrefied cardboard at different temperatures (250–300°C) and at different plateaus (60–120min) were tested. Torrefied cardboard was chemically treated with KOH in order to study the effect of K on thermal oxidation kinetics. It was observed that high torrefaction temperatures and residence times lead to a more stable char. Furthermore, kinetic parameters were obtained by iso-conversional methods and Coats and Redfern method. Attending to iso-conversional method, a decrease of Ea was observed with both, temperature and residence time of torrefaction. Whereas chemically treated presented highest Ea values than torrefied cardboard. In addition, regarding Coats and Redfern method, the oxidation model was not highly modified by torrefaction temperature and residence time. However, for chemically treated samples the oxidation model was modified by K presence. Finally, CH4 adsorption capacity of torrefied cardboard was studied at 30°C and atmospheric pressure. CH4 partial pressures tested were lower than 0.45kPa. It was observed that CH4 adsorption capacity increased with torrefaction time and decreased with chemical treatment. Thus, for the tested samples, the highest adsorption capacity observed was 5.70mgCH4/g of sample.