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Acetylation of bacterial cellulose catalyzed by citric acid: Use of reaction conditions for tailoring the esterification extent
- Ávila Ramírez, Jhon Alejandro, Gómez Hoyos, Catalina, Arroyo, Silvana, Cerrutti, Patricia, Foresti, María Laura
- Carbohydrate polymers 2016 v.153 pp. 686-695
- acetylation, catalysts, cellulose, citric acid, esterification, hydrophobicity, temperature
- Bacterial cellulose (BC) nanoribbons were partially acetylated by a simple direct solvent-free route catalyzed by citric acid. The assay of reaction conditions within chosen intervals (i.e. esterification time (0.5–7h), catalyst content (0.08–1.01mmol/mmol AGU), and temperature (90–140°C)), illustrated the flexibility of the methodology proposed, with reaction variables which can be conveniently manipulated to acetylate BC to the required degree of substitution (DS) within the 0.20–0.73 interval. Within this DS interval, characterization results indicated a surface-only process in which acetylated bacterial cellulose with tunable DS, preserved fibrous structure and increased hydrophobicity could be easily obtained. The feasibility of reusing the catalyst/excess acylant in view of potential scale-up was also illustrated.