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Teriyaki sauce with carvacrol or thymol effectively controls Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella Typhimurium, and indigenous flora in marinated beef and marinade

Moon, Hyeree, Kim, Nam Hee, Kim, Soon Han, Kim, Younghoon, Ryu, Jee Hoon, Rhee, Min Suk
Meat science 2017 v.129 pp. 147-152
Escherichia coli O157, Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella Typhimurium, aerobes, beef, carvacrol, coliform bacteria, color, flora, inoculum, lipid peroxidation, marinating, pH, pathogens, risk, soy sauce, synergism, thymol
An effective bactericidal cold-marinating method for beef products is described, exploiting the synergism between soy sauce and natural compounds (carvacrol, CV or thymol, TM) to reduce microbiological risks. Beef slices inoculated with Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella Typhimurium (3.1–3.5logCFU/g) were marinated in a teriyaki sauce with or without CV and TM (0.3 and 0.5%). After 1, 3, and 7days at 4°C, indigenous microflora population, color, lipid oxidation, marinade uptake, and pH of marinated beef and leftover marinade samples were examined. Teriyaki sauce alone did not reduce or inhibit any of the target pathogens or indigenous bacteria, while 0.5% CV- or TM-containing teriyaki sauce inactivated all inocula without recovery within 7days (p<0.05). The pathogens relocated from the beef into the leftover marinade (3.0–3.4logCFU/mL) were also completely inactivated. The treatment inhibited growth of indigenous aerobic bacteria (p<0.05) and inactivated coliform bacteria. Physicochemical parameters were not significantly affected (p>0.05).