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The search for Fort Armstrong: Dendroarchaeology of the Williamson “Snow Hill” Plantation, Cherokee County, Alabama, U.S.A.

Therrell, Matthew D., Mozayen, Bouran S., Gage, Matthew D.
Dendrochronologia 2017 v.43 pp. 59-65
buildings, growth rings, trees, Alabama
Tree-ring dating has been applied to three historical log buildings in northeastern Alabama to determine if any of the structures could have been associated with historic Fort Armstrong. Fort Armstrong was constructed near Cedar Bluff, Alabama by militia members under the ultimate command of Andrew Jackson to support actions against the “Red Stick” faction of Creeks during the First Creek War in 1813. Comparison of tree-ring samples from the structures with reference chronologies from nearby living trees strongly indicates that none of the three buildings was constructed prior to about 1849 and therefore could not have been contemporaneous with Fort Armstrong. However, the dating does indicate that the buildings are Antebellum in age and were very likely constructed as part of the early development of Snow Hill Plantation. As such these structures provide insight into the physical and cultural patterns of an early Alabama plantation. We believe that this project represents the first dendroarchaeological research reported from Alabama.