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Growth Performance and Resistance to Streptococcus iniae of Juvenile Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) Fed Diets Supplemented with GroBiotic-A and Brewtech Dried Brewers Yeast
- Vechklang, Kunthika, Lim, Chhorn, Boonanuntanasarn, Surintorn, Welker, Thomas, Ponchunchuwong, Samorn, Klesius, Phillip H., Wanapu, Chokchai
- Journal of applied aquaculture 2012 v.24 no.3 pp. 183
- Oreochromis niloticus, Streptococcus iniae, agglutination, antibodies, aquariums, body composition, brewers yeast, crude protein, disease resistance, feed intake, feed supplements, fish, fish feeding, hemolysis, immunoglobulins, juveniles, lipids, liveweight gain, lysozyme, mortality, proximate composition, weight gain
- This study was conducted to evaluate the effect of dietary levels of Brewtech dried brewers yeast (BY) and GroBiotic-A (GB) on growth performance, proximate body composition, immune response, and resistance of juvenile Nile tilapia to Streptococcus iniae challenge. A practical basal (control) diet formulated to contain approximately 32% crude protein and 6% lipid was supplemented with 1% and 2% of BY or GB. Each diet was fed to Nile tilapia in quadruplicate aquaria for 12 weeks. Weight gain, feed intake, survival, and whole body proximate composition of fish were not significantly affected by dietary treatments. Serum total protein, total immunoglobulin, lysozyme, and agglutinating antibody titer to S. iniae were not significantly affected by dietary supplementation of BY or GB. However, serum haemolytic complement activity (SH50) of fish fed 1% BY was significantly higher than those of fish fed the control diet and diets supplemented with 2% BY or GB. Cumulative mortality of fish 20 days post-challenge with S. iniae was unaffected by dietary treatments. However, fish fed diets supplemented with 1% BY and 2% BY or GB had substantially reduced and earlier cessation of mortality.