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High-efficient acetate production from carbon dioxide using a bioanode microbial electrosynthesis system with bipolar membrane

Xiang, Yinbo, Liu, Guangli, Zhang, Renduo, Lu, Yaobin, Luo, Haiping
Bioresource technology 2017 v.233 pp. 227-235
Acetobacterium, acetates, bioenergy, biomass, carbon dioxide, electric power, electrodes, pH, protons, wastewater, wastewater treatment
The aim of this study was to develop an efficient bioanode microbial electrosynthesis system (MES) to convert carbon dioxide into acetate using bioenergy from the wastewater. The bioanode MESs were constructed using proton exchange membrane (PEM) and bipolar membrane (BPM) as separator, respectively, and operated under different voltages (i.e., 0.8, 1.0, 1.2, and 1.4V). Since BPM could dissociate H2O into H+ and OH− in situ to buffer the pH change in the chambers, the BPM-MES achieved 238% improvement in cathodic acetate production rate, 45% increase in anodic substrate removal efficiency, and more than five times enhancement in current output, as compared to the PEM-MES. The biomass on the surface of anode and cathode, and the relative abundance of Acetobacterium in the cathode of BPM-MES was higher than that in PEM-MES. Bioanode MES with BPM should be a useful microbial electrosynthesis strategy for acetate production using bioenergy from wastewater treatment.