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Mechanism of oxidation of 3-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid disodium salt with oxygen in subcritical water
- Imbierowicz, Mirosław
- Chemosphere 2017 v.176 pp. 89-96
- intermediate product, oxidation, oxygen, pH, spectroscopy, temperature, wastewater
- The article presents the results of studies on the oxidation mechanism of 3-hydroxy-2,7-naphthalenedisulfonic acid disodium salt (R-salt) with oxygen in subcritical water. To this aim, a series of experiments were carried out which showed that at a temperature of 413 K and pH > 9 the oxidation reaction of a substrate with oxygen was relatively quick and after approximately 40 min the R-salt oxidation yield exceeded 95%. In an acidic medium (pH < 7), the rate of R-salt oxidation is small.In order to identify the mechanism of R-salt oxidation, experiments were carried out at 413–569 K in solutions with pH = 10.0 and at partial oxygen pressure pO2 = 1.73 MPa. As a result of these experiments, a stable oxidation product was isolated from the reaction mixture and subjected to spectroscopic analysis. The analysis of ᴴNMR of this product proved that a stable intermediate product of R-salt oxidation was 4-sulfophthalic acid sodium salt.The results of the experiments have shown that destructive oxidation of R-salt can easily be obtained at a temperature of 413 K, but satisfactory reduction of TOC in wastewater containing this substrate requires the use of very high temperature: at 569 K only 60% reduction of TOC was achieved.