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Solubility and bioavailability enhancement of ciprofloxacin by induced oval-shaped mono-6-deoxy-6-aminoethylamino-β-cyclodextrin

Choi, Jae Min, Park, Kyeonghui, Lee, Benel, Jeong, Daham, Dindulkar, Someshwar D, Choi, Youngjin, Cho, Eunae, Park, Seyeon, Yu, Jae-hyuk, Jung, Seunho
Carbohydrate polymers 2017 v.163 pp. 118-128
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, antibacterial properties, antibiotic resistance, bacterial infections, beta-cyclodextrin, bioavailability, ciprofloxacin, growth retardation, methicillin, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, molecular models, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, solubility
Ciprofloxacin is a broad-spectrum fluoroquinolone antibiotic used to treat bacterial infections; however, its limited aqueous solubility inhibits its broader clinical uses. This study investigated the complexation effect of mono-6-deoxy-6-aminoethylamino-β-cyclodextrin on the aqueous solubility and bioavailability of ciprofloxacin. During complexation, the oval-shaped cavity induced by mono-aminoethylamine substitution on the primary rim of β-cyclodextrin, was considered to be a key factor according to NMR spectroscopy and molecular modeling studies. The ciprofloxacin with mono-6-deoxy-6-aminoethylamino-β-cyclodextrin complex was characterized using FE-SEM, DSC, FT-IR, T1 relaxation, 2D NOESY, and DOSY NMR spectroscopy and molecular modeling studies. The solubility property of ciprofloxacin complexed with mono-6-deoxy-6-aminoethylamino-β-cyclodextrin was enhanced by seven-fold compared to that of pure ciprofloxacin. Furthermore antibacterial activity of that complex against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus was enhanced and it clearly showed the growth inhibition. The mono-6-deoxy-6-aminoethylamino-β-cyclodextrin has the potential to be utilized for other oblong guest molecules besides ciprofloxacin based on the novel induced elliptical cavity.