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Investigation of discharged aerosol nanoparticles during chemical precipitation and spray pyrolysis for developing safety measures in the nano research laboratory

Author:
Kolesnikov, Еvgeny, Karunakaran, Gopalu, Godymchuk, Anna, Vera, Levina, Yudin, Andrey Grigorjevich, Gusev, Alexander, Kuznetsov, Denis
Source:
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety 2017 v.139 pp. 116-123
ISSN:
0147-6513
Subject:
aerosols, air, chemical precipitation, nanoparticles, people, pollution, pyrolysis
Abstract:
Nowadays, the demands for the nanoparticles are increasing due to their tremendous applications in various fields. As a consequence, the discharge of nanoparticles into the atmosphere and environment is also increasing, posing a health threat and environmental damage in terms of pollution. Thus, an extensive research is essential to evaluate the discharge of these nanoparticles into the environment. Keeping this in mind, the present investigation aimed to analyze the discharge of aerosol nanoparticles that are synthesized in the laboratory via chemical precipitation and spray pyrolysis methods. The results indicated that the chemical precipitation method discharges a higher concentration of nanoparticles in the work site when compared to the spray pyrolysis method. The aerosol concentration also varied with the different steps involved during the synthesis of nanoparticles. The average particle's concentration in air for chemical precipitation and spray pyrolysis methods was around 1,037,476 and 883,421particles/cm3. In addition, the average total discharge of nanoparticles in the entire laboratory was also examined. A significant variation in the concentration of nanoparticles was noticed, during the processing of materials and the concentration of particles (14–723nm) exceeding the daily allowed concentration to about 70–170 times was observed over a period of 6 months. Thus, the results of the present study will be very useful in developing safety measures and would help in organizing the rules for people working in nanotechnology laboratories to minimize the hazardous effects.
Agid:
5651097