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A pilot-scale study on the start-up of partial nitrification-anammox process for anaerobic sludge digester liquor treatment

Wang, Gang, Xu, Xiaochen, Zhou, Liang, Wang, Chao, Yang, Fenglin
Bioresource technology 2017 v.241 pp. 181-189
ammonia, anaerobic ammonium oxidation, granules, heme, high-throughput nucleotide sequencing, hydroxylamine, nitrifying bacteria, nitrogen, sludge
Treatment of sludge digester liquor was successfully accomplished using a pilot-scale partial nitrification-anammox (PN/A) reactor with a nitrogen removal rate (NRR) of 1.23kgN/m3/d. A stable and efficient PN process was attained by controlling the concentration of free ammonia (0.7–8.4mg/L) and free nitrous acid (0.02–1.0mg/L). The application of hydroxylamine played a vital role in the reactivation of anammox bacteria. The bacteria exhibited improved granule properties at a specific input power between 0.065 and 0.097kW/m3, and achieved a specific anammox activity (SAA) of 1.01kgN/kgVSS/d on day 148. From day 0 to 120, the heme c content in the granules increased from 0.42±0.1 to 5.77±1.0µmol/gVSS, with a corresponding increase in NRRs and SAAs. High-throughput sequencing techniques revealed that the dominant anammox bacterial genus was Candidatus Brocadia. These conclusions provide valuable information for the full-scale treatment of sludge digester liquor.