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Response of rhizosphere microbial diversity and soil physico-chemical properties in a rotation of cucumber with Volvariella volvacea

Yang, Wei, Yan, Haixia, Zhang, Ji, Meng, Ying, Wang, Xinfeng, Ji, Lilian, Luo, Yuming
Biocontrol science and technology 2017 v.27 no.3 pp. 311-323
Fusarium, Fusarium wilt, Volvariella volvacea, alkaline phosphatase, beneficial microorganisms, biological control, catalase, catechol oxidase, crop rotation, crops, cucumbers, fungi, greenhouse production, microbial communities, nitrogen, nitrogen-fixing bacteria, pathogens, phosphorus, physicochemical properties, potassium, rhizosphere, root systems, soil, soil enzymes, China
Crop rotation can significantly increase yield by improving soil conditions through reducing soil pathogens and increasing the microbial diversity near the root system of the plant. Cucumber is widely consumed across the world, and monoculture of cucumber under greenhouse conditions is often threatened by Fusarium wilt, which is caused by fungi belonging to the genus Fusarium . In Jiangsu province of China, rotating cucumber crops with Volvariella volvacea is used as a way to control Fusarium wilt. Here, we tested how rotating cucumber with V. volvacea influences soil physico-chemical and biological properties. We found that rotating with V. volvacea improved bacterial diversity near the cucumber root system. We also found an increase in nitrogen-fixing bacteria that have been used for biological control of plant pathogens, and a decrease in Fusarium species. In the treated soil, we found increased activity of the soil enzymes catalase, dehydrogenase, polyphenol oxidase and alkaline phosphatase by 2–22%, 14–29%, 16–58% and 9–64%, respectively. Lastly, the total and available nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium content significantly increased one to three weeks after V. volvacea residual substrate was mixed into the soil, up to 39%, 24%, 17%, 28%, 18% and 70, but declined slowly afterwards. These results suggested that rotating cucumber with V. volvacea could aid in resetting the structure of the microbial community of the cucumber root system. Increase in beneficial microbes and improved soil conditions are likely to contribute to improved yield of this commercially important crop.