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Differential Gene Expression Network in Terpenoid Synthesis of Antrodia cinnamomea in Mycelia and Fruiting Bodies

Lin, Yan-Liang, Ma, Li-Ting, Lee, Yi-Ru, Shaw, Jei-Fu, Wang, Sheng-Yang, Chu, Fang-Hua
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2017 v.65 no.9 pp. 1874-1886
DNA, Taiwanofungus camphoratus, bioactive properties, brown-rot fungi, databases, fruiting bodies, gene expression regulation, high-throughput nucleotide sequencing, metabolites, mycelium, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, terpenoids, transcriptome, Taiwan
Antodia cinnamomea, a precious brown-rot fungus endemic to Taiwan, has pharmaceutical applications due to its diverse array of metabolites. The terpenoids found in A. cinnamomea contribute to its most important bioactivities. We identified several terpenoid compounds in A. cinnamomea and revealed that their content in mycelium and fruiting body were significantly different. Using next-generation sequencing and an in-house transcriptome database, we identified several terpene synthase (TPS) candidates. After sequence analysis and functional characterization, 10 out of 12 candidates were found to have single or multiple terpene synthesis functions. Most of the terpenoid compounds were found to confer important bioactivities. RT-PCR results showed a positive correlation between terpene synthase expression pattern and terpenoid content. In addition, we identified several modification enzyme candidates that may be involved in the postmodification of terpenoid compounds with a genomic DNA scaffold, and a putative genetic network.