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Multiple Pesticides Detoxification Function of Maize (Zea mays) GST34

Li, Dongzhi, Xu, Li, Pang, Sen, Liu, Zhiqian, Zhao, Weisong, Wang, Chengju
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2017 v.65 no.9 pp. 1847-1853
Arabidopsis thaliana, Escherichia coli, Zea mays, corn, cultivars, gene expression, genes, heterologous gene expression, metolachlor, plant hormones, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, seedlings, substrate specificity, transgenic plants
ZmGST34 is a maize Tau class GST gene and was found to be differently expressed between two maize cultivars differing in tolerance to herbicide metolachlor. To explore the possible role of ZmGST34 in maize development, the expression pattern and substrate specificity of ZmGST34 were characterized by quantitative RT-PCR and heterologous expression system, respectively. The results indicated that the expression level of ZmGST34 was increased ∼2–5-fold per day during the second-leaf stage of maize seedling. Chloroacetanilide herbicides or phytohormone treatments had no influence on the expression level of ZmGST34, suggesting that ZmGST34 is a constitutively expressed gene in maize seedling. Heterologous expression in Escherichia coli and in Arabidopsis thaliana proved that ZmGST34 can metabolize most chloroacetanilide herbicides and increase tolerance to these herbicides in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana. The constitutive expression pattern and broad substrate activity of ZmGST34 suggested that this gene may play an important role in maize development in addition to the detoxification of pesticides.