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Effectiveness of BIOECODS for peak flow attenuation: an appraisal using InfoWorks SD
- Benisi Ghadim, Hamed, Sai Hin, Lai, Hooi Bu, Chun, Jie Chin, Ren
- Hydrological sciences journal 2017 v.62 no.3 pp. 421-430
- drainage systems, equations, hydrograph, overland flow, simulation models, soil conservation, stormwater management, subsurface flow, Malaysia
- The Bio-Ecological Drainage System (BIOECODS) is a sustainable drainage system, which adopts a “control at source” approach for urban storm water management in Malaysia. This study attempts to model a small-scale BIOECODS using InfoWorks SD. New modelling techniques are used to fully integrate the surface and on-line subsurface conveyance system, in which overland flow routing is described by a storm water management model that uses a nonlinear reservoir method and the kinematic wave approximation of the St Venant equation, and subsurface flow is described by the Horton method in conjunction with the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) curve number (CN) method. The observed water levels at primary outlets are compared with those obtained from model simulation. The modelling approach has been proven successful as the hydrographs (predicted and observed) match each other closely, with a mean error in the range of 4.58–7.32%. Results from the model showed that the BIOECODS is able to attenuate peak flow by 60–75%, and increase the lag time by 20 min within an area of <28 300 m ² when compared with a traditional drainage system.