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Revelation of the dynamic progression of hypoxia-reoxygenation injury by visualization of the lysosomal hydrogen peroxide
- Zhu, Yuanjun, Zhou, Tongliang, Yang, Lingfei, Yuan, Lan, Liang, Lei, Xu, Ping
- Biochemical and biophysical research communications 2017
- aromatic compounds, brain, fluorescent dyes, glucose, hydrogen peroxide, image analysis, lysosomes, monitoring, oxygen
- Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) plays an important role in pathological conditions, such as cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I-R) injury. Fluorescent probes may serve as valuable tools to detect the amount, temporal and spatial distribution of H2O2 in living cells. To investigate the role of lysosomal H2O2 involved in cerebral I-R injury, we designed and synthesized a lysosome-targetable two-photon fluorescent probe ztl-4, through expansion and substitution of the original pyridazinone scaffold, conjugation of electronic-donating aromatic ring and precise terminal modification of the alkyl linker. The probe ztl-4 exhibited fast, sensitive and highly selective response toward H2O2. ztl-4 could image exogenous H2O2 in SH-SY5Y cells and brain slices. In addition, ztl-4 was located in lysosomes with high colocalization coefficient compared with LysoTracker. ztl-4 was further applied for detecting the endogenous generation of H2O2 in SH-SY5Y cells subjected to oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) or OGD/reoxygenation (OGD/R) injury. Both OGD- and OGD/R-induced cell injury caused a time-dependent increase of H2O2 production within lysosomes. Moreover, OGD/R-treated cells showed much more amount of H2O2 than OGD-treated cells, indicating that reoxygenation will promote H2O2 accumulation in lysosomes of post-hypoxia cells. Therefore, the probe is suitable for monitoring the dynamic changes of lysosomal H2O2 in cells.