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Does temperature modify the effect of PM10 on mortality? A systematic review and meta-analysis

Chen, Fei, Fan, Zhiwei, Qiao, Zhijiao, Cui, Yan, Zhang, Meixia, Zhao, Xing, Li, Xiaosong
Environmental pollution 2017 v.224 pp. 326-335
confidence interval, death, meta-analysis, models, mortality, particulates, relative risk, systematic review, temperature
Large and growing literature has explored whether temperature modified the effect of particular matter (PM) on mortality, but results of the modification effect are inconsistent. In this study, we reviewed information from 29 studies to get the qualitative evidence of the modification effects of temperature on PM to mortality, and the data from 16 of the 29 studies were extracted to conduct a meta-analysis. Temperatures were grouped into three level: “low”, “middle” and “high” according to the original studies. The random effect model was used in the meta-analysis with the relative risk (RR) as the measure indicator. The RRs (95% confidence intervals, CIs) for non-accidental death, cardiovascular death and respiratory death per 10 μg/m³ increase in PM10 were 1.004 (1.003, 1.006), 1.005 (1.003,1.007), and 1.005 (1.000,1.010) in the low temperature level, 1.005 (1.004,1.006), 1.005 (1.004,1.007), and 1.008 (1.006, 1.010) in the middle temperature level, and 1.012 (1.010, 1.015), 1.016 (1.010, 1.022) and 1.019 (1.010,1.028) in the high temperature level, respectively. In conclusion, moderate evidence exists that temperature modifies the effect of PM10 on mortality. The effect of PM10 on respiratory death was the greatest, while the effect on non-accidental death was the smallest in the same temperature level. In addition, the effects of PM10 on all the three kinds of mortality were the biggest in the high-temperature level, and the smallest in the low-temperature level.