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Inhibition of human CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 enzymes by gomisin C and gomisin G, two lignan analogs derived from Schisandra chinensis

Zhao, Jin, Sun, Tao, Wu, Jing-Jing, Cao, Yun-Feng, Fang, Zhong-Ze, Sun, Hong-Zhi, Zhu, Zhi-Tu, Yang, Kun, Liu, Yong-Zhe, Gonzalez, Frank J., Yin, Jun
Fitoterapia 2017 v.119 pp. 26-31
Oriental traditional medicine, Schisandra chinensis, cytochrome P-450, drugs, enzymes, herbs, humans, hydrogen bonding, lignans, medicinal properties, oxidation, testosterone
Gomisin C (GC) and gomisin G (GG) are two lignan analogs isolated from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Schisandra chinensis which possesses multiple pharmacological activities. However, the potential herb-drug interactions (HDI) between these lignans and other drugs through inhibiting human cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4) and CYP3A5 remains unclear. In the present study, the inhibitory action of GC and GG on CYP3A4 and CYP3A5 were investigated. The results demonstrated that both GC and GG strongly inhibited CYP3A-mediated midazolam 1′-hydroxylation, nifedipine oxidation and testosterone 6β-hydroxylation. Notably, the inhibitory intensity of GC towards CYP3A4 was stronger than CYP3A5 when using midazolam and nifedipine as substrates. While inhibition of GC towards CYP3A5 was weaker than CYP3A4 when using testosterone as substrate. In contrast, GG showed a stronger inhibitory activity on CYP3A5 than CYP3A4 without substrate-dependent behavior. In addition, docking simulations indicated that the π–π interaction between CYP3A4 and GC, and hydrogen-bond interaction between CYP3A5 and GG might result in their different inhibitory actions. Furthermore, the AUC of drugs metabolized by CYP3A was estimated to increase by 8%–321% and 2%–3190% in the presence of GC and GG, respectively. These findings strongly suggested that GC and GG showed high HDI potentials, and the position of methylenedioxy group determined their different inhibitory effect towards CYP3A4 and CYP3A5, which are of significance for the application of Schisandra chinensis-containing herbs.