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Inhibitory effect of Patrinia scabiosifolia Link on the development of atopic dermatitis-like lesions in human keratinocytes and NC/Nga mice

Cha, Kyung-Jae, Im, Mi Ae, Gu, Ayoung, Kim, Da Hye, Lee, Daye, Lee, Jeong Soo, Lee, Ji-Sook, Kim, In Sik
Journal of ethnopharmacology 2017 v.206 pp. 135-143
Caprifoliaceae, Patrinia, Western blotting, animal models, anti-inflammatory activity, atopic dermatitis, blood serum, colitis, dermis, dimethyl sulfoxide, drug therapy, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, females, humans, immunoglobulin E, in vivo studies, inflammation, interferon-gamma, interleukin-13, interleukin-4, interleukin-5, interleukin-8, keratinocytes, mice, phosphorylation, splenocytes, traditional medicine, transcription factor NF-kappa B, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, Korean Peninsula
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic pruritic and inflammatory disease occurring in skin. Patrinia scabiosifolia Link (PS), a member of the Patrinia genus (Caprifoliaceae family), has traditionally been used in folk medicines to treat various inflammatory diseases such as acute appendicitis, ulcerative colitis, and pelvic inflammation in Korea and other parts of East Asia.This study investigated the anti-inflammatory effects of PS on AD in vitro and in vivo.Whole PS plants were dried, powdered, and then underwent extraction with DMSO. Both ELISA and western blotting were performed to evaluate cytokine concentration and the expression and activation of filaggrin and signaling proteins. Five-week‐old female NC/Nga mice were used as an AD-like mouse model by treating them with 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene (DNCB).In human keratinocytic HaCaT cells, PS extract inhibited the production of IL‐8, and TARC, which had been increased by TNF-α and IFN-γ. The TNF-α and IFN-γ suppressed filaggrin expression was associated with phosphorylation of JNK1 and JNK2, and NF-κB translocation. PS recovered the inhibition of filaggrin expression induced by TNF-α and IFN-γ by blocking the activation of JNK1/2, and NF-κB by the IFN-γ and TNF-α treatment. The in vivo experiment results showed that, compared to DNCB treatment PS administration reduced thickening of the epidermis and infiltration of inflammatory cells into the dermis. Moreover, the decrease of filaggrin expression due to DNCB treatment was recovered by PS administration. The serum IgE level was decreased by PS treatment. Additionally, secretions of IL-4, IL-5, IL-13, and eotaxin in splenocytes were lower in the PS-treated group than in the DNCB group.PS may attenuate the development of AD‐like lesions by increasing filaggrin expression and lowering IgE and inflammatory cytokine levels. These results indicate the potential for development of a PS-based drug treatment for AD.