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Bread wheat cultivar PBW 343 carries residual additive resistance against virulent stripe rust pathotype

Singh, Rupinder Pal, Srivastava, Puja, Sharma, Achla, Bains, N. S.
Journal of crop improvement 2017 v.31 no.2 pp. 183-191
Puccinia striiformis f. tritici, Triticum aestivum, breeding programs, crossing, cultivars, disease outbreaks, genes, pathotypes, stripe rust, transgressive segregation, virulence, wheat, India
With continuous outbreaks of stripe rust (Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici) epidemics and rapid breakdown of deployed resistance in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars in North West Plains Zone (NWPZ) in India warrant knowledge and deployment of new and durable sources of resistance to stripe rust. Bread wheat cultivar PBW 343, until recently the most widely cultivated wheat variety in India, is now highly susceptible to stripe rust (score 9 on a 1–9 scale), whereas PBW 621 (score 5.05–5.65) and HD 2967 (score 5.40–6.20) show low levels of resistance. We conducted an experiment, spanning three crop seasons (2013–2014 to 2015–2016), in which parental lines, F ₁ and F ₂ populations, F ₃ and F ₄ families from two bread wheat crosses, PBW 621/PBW 343 and HD 2967/PBW 343 were generated and evaluated for stripe rust resistance against a virulent pathotype. While the F ₁ revealed partial dominance, the segregation pattern for stripe rust resistance in F ₂ and F ₃ showed transgressive segregation for resistance in both crosses. Chi-square analysis indicated that resistant segregants possessed two genes, one contributed by PBW 621 or HD 2967 (depending on the cross) and the other, unexpectedly but obviously, came from the most susceptible cultivar, PBW 343. Possible genetic mechanisms for this residual resistance and implications for breeding programs are discussed.