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Isolation and characterization of centromeric repetitive DNA sequences in Saccharum spontaneum

Wenpan Zhang, Sheng Zuo, Zhanjie Li, Zhuang Meng, Jinlei Han, Junqi Song, Yong-Bao Pan, Kai Wang
Scientific Reports 2017 v.7 no. pp. 41659
DNA, Saccharum officinarum, Saccharum robustum, Saccharum spontaneum, autopolyploidy, centromeres, chromatin, cultivars, eukaryotic cells, genome, genome assembly, histones, hybrids, microsatellite repeats, mutants, precipitin tests, sugar crops, sugarcane, sugars, surveys
Sugarcane (Saccharum hybrids spp.) is the most important sugar crop that accounts for ~75% of the world’s sugar production. Recently, a whole-genome sequencing project was launched on the wild species S. spontaneum. To obtain information on the DNA composition of the repeat-enriched region of the centromere, we conducted a genome-wide analysis of the DNA sequences associated with CenH3 (a mutant of histone H3 located in eukaryote centromeres) using chromatin immunoprecipitation followed by sequencing (ChIP-seq) method. We demonstrate that the centromeres contain mainly SCEN-like single satellite repeat (Ss1) and several Ty3/gypsy retrotransposon-related repeats (Ss166, Ss51, and Ss68). Ss1 dominates in the centromeric regions and spans up to 500 kb. In contrast, the Ty3/gypsy retrotransposon-related repeats are either clustered spanning over a short range, or dispersed in the centromere regions. Interestingly, Ss1 exhibits a chromosome-specific enrichment in the wild species S. spontaneum and S. robustum, but not in the domesticated species S. officinarum and modern sugarcane cultivars. This finding suggests an autopolyploid genome identity of S. spontaneum with a high level of homology among its eight sub-genomes. We also conducted a genome-wide survey of the repetitive DNAs in S. spontaneum following a similarity-based sequence clustering strategy. These results provide insight into the composition of sugarcane genome as well as the genome assembly of S. spontaneum.