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A review of Australian approaches for monitoring, assessing and reporting estuarine condition: II. State and Territory programs

Hallett, Chris S., Valesini, Fiona, Scanes, Peter, Crawford, Christine, Gillanders, Bronwyn M., Pope, Adam, Udy, James, Fortune, Julia, Townsend, Simon, Barton, Jan, Ye, Qifeng, Ross, D. Jeff, Martin, Kathryn, Glasby, Tim, Maxwell, Paul
Environmental science & policy 2016 v.66 pp. 270-281
estuaries, governance, laws and regulations, monitoring, Australia, Europe, South Africa, United States
In contrast to Europe, the USA and South Africa, Australia has no specific, overarching federal legislation to underpin a nationally-coordinated framework for monitoring, assessing and reporting estuarine condition. This has resulted in a complex mosaic of diverse approaches and governance structures, hindering the ability to make inter-State comparisons. In this second part of a comprehensive three-part review, we present a systematic appraisal of current and impending approaches for measuring and reporting estuarine condition in each of Australia’s States and Territories. A concise summary is provided in each case, supported by extensive appendices containing detailed accounts of relevant monitoring and reporting programs. We synthesise and evaluate this output at the State/Territory level, highlighting areas of improvement and major gaps.