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Incentives and barriers to environmental inequality mobilization: A case-study analysis in Wallonia, Belgium

Lejeune, Zoé, Teller, Jacques
Environmental science & policy 2016 v.66 pp. 208-216
cluster analysis, environmental factors, minorities (people), public policy, social capital, social justice, socioeconomics, surveys, Belgium
Environmental inequality scholarship has sought to shed light on the unequal environmental conditions borne by poor people and racial minorities, and to challenge public policies. Most studies are concerned either with assessing the unequal distribution of environmental amenities and disamenities or with exploring the theoretical foundations of environmental justice movements.We propose an original approach to environmental inequality, focused not only on the unequal distribution of environmental burdens but also on two other types of factors: the capacity to mobilize and engage in community organizations on the one hand and the spatial dimension of environmental inequalities on the other.The evidence for this study is from an opinion survey carried out in 2012 with 1298 individuals. We use a two-step cluster analysis method to compute a classification system based on four categories of variables: socio-economic, environmental, spatial, and social capital.