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The application of microbeads to microfluidic systems for enhanced detection and purification of biomolecules
- Pinto, I.F., Caneira, C.R.F., Soares, R.R.G., Madaboosi, N., Aires-Barros, M.R., Conde, J.P., Azevedo, A.M., Chu, V.
- Methods 2017 v.116 pp. 112-124
- antibodies, bioassays, microbeads, nucleic acids, toxins
- This paper describes microbead-based microfluidic systems. Several aspects of bead assays in microfluidics make them advantageous for bioassays in simple microchannels, including enhanced surface-to-volume ratio, improved molecular recognition reaction efficiency, and the wide range of surface functionalization available with commercial microbeads. Two-level SU-8 molds are used to fabricate PDMS microchannels that can hydrodynamically trap different types of microbeads, with characteristic dimensions of tens of microns. The use of these microbead-based microfluidic systems in the biosensing of antibodies, toxins and nucleic acids, as well as in antibody purification will be presented and discussed in this paper.