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Stir bar sorptive extraction and liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry determination of polar and non-polar emerging and priority pollutants in environmental waters A
- Aparicio, Irene, Martín, Julia, Santos, Juan Luis, Malvar, José Luis, Alonso, Esteban
- Journal of chromatography 2017
- UV filters, bisphenol A, butylated hydroxytoluene, coatings, drugs, ethylene glycol, hexabromocyclododecane, hormones, ionic strength, liquid chromatography, oils, pH, perfluorocarbons, pesticides, phthalates, plasticizers, pollutants, polydimethylsiloxane, preservatives, repellents, statistical analysis, sulfonates, surface water, surfactants, tandem mass spectrometry, tap water
- An analytical method based on stir bar sorptive extraction (SBSE) was developed and validated for the determination of environmental concern pollutants in environmental waters by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry (LC–MS/MS). Target compounds include six water and oil repellents (perfluorinated compounds), four preservatives (butylated hydroxytoluene and three parabens), two plasticizers (bisphenol A and di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate), seven surfactants (four linear alkylbenzene sulfonates, nonylphenol and two nonylphenol ethoxylates), a flame retardant (hexabromocyclododecane), four hormones, fourteen pharmaceutical compounds, an UV-filter (2-ethylhexyl 4-methoxycinnamate) and nine pesticides. To achieve the simultaneous extraction of polar and non-polar pollutants two stir bar coatings were tested, the classic polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) coating and the novel ethylene glycol modified silicone (EG-silicone). The best extraction recoveries were obtained using EG-silicone coating. The effects of sample pH, volume and ionic strength and extraction time on extraction recoveries were evaluated. The analytical method was validated for surface water and tap water samples. The method quantification limits ranged from 7.0ngL−1 to 177ngL−1. The inter-day precision, expressed as relative standard deviation, was lower than 20%. Accuracy, expressed as relative recovery values, was in the range from 61 to 130%. The method was applied for the determination of the 48 target compounds in surface and tap water samples.