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Ecology of Problem Individuals and the Efficacy of Selective Wildlife Management
- Swan, George J.F., Redpath, Steve M., Bearhop, Stuart, McDonald, Robbie A.
- Trends in ecology & evolution 2017 v.32 no.7 pp. 518-530
- ecology, humans, wildlife, wildlife management
- As a result of ecological and social drivers, the management of problems caused by wildlife is becoming more selective, often targeting specific animals. Narrowing the sights of management relies upon the ecology of certain ‘problem individuals’ and their disproportionate contribution to impacts upon human interests. We assess the ecological evidence for problem individuals and confirm that some individuals or classes can be both disproportionately responsible and more likely to reoffend. The benefits of management can sometimes be short-lived, and selective management can affect tolerance of wildlife for better or worse, but, when effectively targeted, selective management can bring benefits by mitigating impact and conflict, often in a more socially acceptable way.