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Ultrafast Nonadiabatic Dynamics of Singlet Fission: Quantum Dynamics with the Multilayer Multiconfigurational Time-Dependent Hartree (ML-MCTDH) Method

Zheng, Jie, Xie, Yu, Jiang, Shengshi, Lan, Zhenggang
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2016 v.120 no.3 pp. 1375-1389
energy conversion, equations, microscopy, models, physical chemistry, quantum mechanics, solar collectors, solar energy
Singlet fission (SF) is supposed to potentially improve the efficiency of solar energy conversion in organic photovoltaic systems. The multilayer multiconfigurational time-dependent Hartree (ML-MCTDH) method was employed to describe the singlet fission of the pentacene system with a three-state model. The ML-MCTDH result agrees well with the previous simulations using the Redfield theory, the hierarchical equation of motion (HEOM) and the symmetrical quasi-classical (SQC) theory. We carefully investigated the role of vibrational modes with different frequencies in singlet fission dynamics. Interestingly, we observed the important contribution of a few modes with frequency resonance to electronic transition. Such a finding can be understood by revisiting the superexchange mechanism within the framework of Fermi’s golden rule. As a numerically exact method, ML-MCTDH not only provides an accurate description of the microscopy insight of the SF dynamics but also provides benchmark results to examine the performance of other approximated dynamical methods.