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Coordination Nanosheets Based on Terpyridine–Zinc(II) Complexes: As Photoactive Host Materials

Author:
Tsukamoto, Takamasa, Takada, Kenji, Sakamoto, Ryota, Matsuoka, Ryota, Toyoda, Ryojun, Maeda, Hiroaki, Yagi, Toshiki, Nishikawa, Michihiro, Shinjo, Naoaki, Amano, Shuntaro, Iokawa, Tadashi, Ishibashi, Narutaka, Oi, Tsugumi, Kanayama, Koshiro, Kinugawa, Rina, Koda, Yoichiro, Komura, Toshiyuki, Nakajima, Shuhei, Fukuyama, Ryota, Fuse, Nobuyuki, Mizui, Makoto, Miyasaki, Masashi, Yamashita, Yutaro, Yamada, Kuni, Zhang, Wenxuan, Han, Ruocheng, Liu, Wenyu, Tsubomura, Taro, Nishihara, Hiroshi
Source:
Journal of the American Chemical Society 2017 v.139 no.15 pp. 5359-5366
ISSN:
1520-5126
Subject:
anions, benzene, dyes, ligands, nanosheets, photoluminescence, zinc, zinc sulfate
Abstract:
Photoluminescent coordination nanosheets (CONASHs) comprising three-way terpyridine (tpy) ligands and zinc(II) ions are created by allowing the two constitutive components to react with each other at a liquid/liquid interface. Taking advantage of bottom-up CONASHs, or flexibility in organic ligand design and coordination modes, we demonstrate the diversity of the tpy-zinc(II) CONASH in structures and photofunctions. A combination of 1,3,5-tris[4-(4′-2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridyl)phenyl]benzene (1) and Zn(BF₄)₂ affords a cationic CONASH featuring the bis(tpy)Zn complex motif (1-Zn), while substitution of the zinc source with ZnSO₄ realizes a charge-neutral CONASH with the [Zn₂(μ-O₂SO₂)₂(tpy)₂] motif [1-Zn₂(SO₄)₂]. The difference stems from the use of noncoordinating (BF₄–) or coordinating and bridging (SO₄²–) anions. The change in the coordination mode alters the luminescence (480 nm blue in 1-Zn; 552 nm yellow in 1-Zn₂(SO₄)₂). The photophysical property also differs in that 1-Zn₂(SO₄)₂ shows solvatoluminochromism, whereas 1-Zn does not. Photoluminescence is also modulated by the tpy ligand structure. 2-Zn contains triarylamine-centered terpyridine ligand 2 and features the bis(tpy)Zn motif; its emission is substantially red-shifted (590 nm orange) compared with that of 1-Zn. CONASHs 1-Zn and 2-Zn possess cationic nanosheet frameworks with counteranions (BF₄–), and thereby feature anion exchange capacities. Indeed, anionic xanthene dyes were taken up by these nanosheets, which undergo quasi-quantitative exciton migration from the host CONASH. This series of studies shows tpy-zinc(II) CONASHs as promising potential photofunctional nanomaterials.
Agid:
5670299