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Phosphorus effects on radial oxygen loss, root porosity and iron plaque in two mangrove seedlings under cadmium stress

Dai, Minyue, Liu, Jingchun, Liu, Wenwen, Lu, Haoliang, Jia, Hui, Hong, Hualong, Yan, Chongling
Marine pollution bulletin 2017 v.119 no.1 pp. 262-269
biomass, cadmium, hydroponics, iron, oxygen, phosphorus, porosity, roots, seedlings, toxicity
Phosphorus is an indispensable element for plants, but its role in alleviating the cadmium toxicity of mangrove seedlings is poorly documented. In this study, mangrove seedlings were grown in hydroponics and exposed to various Cd and P treatments. Data suggested that the inhibitory effect of Cd on the rate of radial oxygen loss and root porosity was alleviated by P. A. marina had a higher rate of ROL and POR, indicating that it had a stronger adaptability to anaerobic environment. K. obovata induced a higher Fe concentration in iron plaque under co-application of Cd and P, which may relate to higher biomass. Furthermore, P increased Cd concentration in iron plaque, implying that iron plaque can be an obstacle to prevent Cd entering into the plant, but most Cd was still distributed in its roots. These findings highlight a novel mechanism of Cd detoxification with P addition in mangrove seedlings.