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Identification of differentially-expressed genes in early developmental ovary of Yellow River carp (Cyprinus carpio var) using Suppression Subtractive Hybridization

Zhang, Wan-Wan, Jia, Yong-Fang, Wang, Fang, Du, Qi-Yan, Chang, Zhong-Jie
Theriogenology 2017 v.97 pp. 9-16
Cyprinus carpio, DNA libraries, Southern blotting, adults, biomarkers, carp, cell differentiation, desmin, early development, gene ontology, genes, genetic factors, gonads, microarray technology, ovarian development, proteolysis, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, signal transduction, suppression subtractive hybridization, transforming growth factor beta, Yellow River
Ovary development appears to be under polygenic control, and is influenced by multiple genetic factors that may vary from organism to organism. To gain a better insight into the molecular mechanisms of carp ovary development, Suppression Subtractive Hybridization (SSH) DNA libraries in two species of Yellow River carp were analyzed. Primordial gonads and stage II ovaries were used as testers, and adult ovaries as drivers. One hundred and fifty differentially-expressed candidate genes were examined by Southern blot microarray hybridization. We identified 41 differentially-expressed genes in the PG (Primordial gonad) library and 37 in the stage II ovary library. Gene Ontology Biological Pathway analysis showed the genes were involved in signal transduction, proteolysis process, cell differentiation, TGF-β signal and other biological responses. Twenty-two candidate genes were selected and further characterized using qRT-PCR. Pvalb, epd, and MYH were found specifically expressed in PG, while bmp2b, desmin and fp1 were specifically expressed in stage II ovary. Our results indicate that these genes could be used as biomarkers of the early development of carp ovary. This finding will provide a basis for further understanding of the complex gonad developmental molecular mechanisms in Yellow River carp.