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Kinetic modeling and dynamic analysis of simultaneous saccharification and fermentation of cellulose to bioethanol

Shadbahr, Jalil, Khan, Faisal, Zhang, Yan
Energy conversion and management 2017 v.141 pp. 236-243
bioethanol, cellobiose, cellulose, endo-1,4-beta-glucanase, ethanol, feedstocks, fermentation, glucose, mannose, mixing, reaction kinetics, saccharification
Kinetic modeling and dynamic analysis of the simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) of cellulose to ethanol was carried out in this study to determine the key reaction kinetics parameters and product inhibition features of the process. To obtain the more reliable kinetic parameters which can be applied for a wide range of operating conditions, batch SSF experiments were carried out at three enzyme loadings (10, 15 and 20FPU/g cellulose) and two levels of initial concentrations of fermentable sugars (glucose and mannose). Results indicated that the maximum ethanol yield and concentration were achieved at high level of sugar concentrations with intermediate enzyme loading (15FPU/g cellulose). Dynamic analysis of the acquired experimental results revealed that cellulase inhibition by cellobiose plays the most important role at high level of enzyme loading and low level of initial sugar concentrations. The inhibition of glucose becomes significant when high concentrations of sugars were present in the feedstock. Experimental results of SSF process also reveal that an efficient mixing between the phases helps to improve the ethanol yield significantly.