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Speed control of oil-hydraulic power take-off system for oscillating body type wave energy converters

Gaspar, José F., Kamarlouei, Mojtaba, Sinha, Ashank, Xu, Haitong, Calvário, Miguel, Faÿ, François-Xavier, Robles, Eider, Soares, C. Guedes
Renewable energy 2016 v.97 pp. 769-783
energy conversion, fuzzy logic, methodology, normal values, pumps, water power
The variable displacement oil-hydraulic pumps for the Power Take-Off (PTO) of wave energy converters must work above 80% of maximum displacement in order to have an overall efficiency of approximately 94.5%. This is achieved by controlling their rotational speed when the oil-hydraulic power fluctuates in time. Three speed control strategies have been presented, the first fixing the maximum possible speed in each sea state, the second by slowly varying the pump speed between speed peak values and average ones, and the third by working with highly variable speed reference values. The worst pump efficiency is achieved with the first strategy while the best one with the third strategy. However, the first has less impact than the third one in the pump lifecycle. On the other hand, the second strategy is used to make a trade-off between pump efficiency and lifecycle. However, this paper presents a fourth speed control strategy, which is a hybrid of the second and third strategies. So, the objectives of this paper were to know if these strategies are implementable in a test rig and also on a new PTO concept and determining what modifications should be introduced in these PTO strategies and hardware. This paper also contributes with the application of new methodologies in this field of research for the modelling of pump efficiency and pressure control, such as Neuro-Fuzzy modelling and Fuzzy Logic control systems.