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A chimeric Rfo gene generated by intergenic recombination cosegregates with the fertility restorer phenotype for cytoplasmic male sterility in radish
- Wang, Zhi Wei, Zhang, Li Jun, Chen, Jie, Xiang, Chang Ping, Mei, Shi Yong, Zhou, Yuan, Wang, Ting
- Molecular breeding 2010 v.25 no.2 pp. 339-349
- amino acids, cytoplasmic male sterility, dominant genes, loci, male fertility, models, phenotype, radishes, sequence alignment
- In this work, we have identified a chimeric pentatricopeptide repeat (PPR)-encoding gene cosegregating with the fertility restorer phenotype for cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) in radish. We have constructed a CMS-Rf system consisting of sterile line ‘9802A2', maintainer line ‘9802B2' and restorer line ‘2007H'. F₂ segregating population analysis indicated that male fertility is restored by a single dominant gene in the CMS-Rf system described above. A PPR gene named Rfoc was found in the restorer line ‘2007H'. It cosegregated with the fertility restorer in the F₂ segregating population which is composed of 613 fertile plants and 187 sterile plants. The Rfoc gene encodes a predicted protein 687 amino acids in length, comprising 16 PPR domains and with a putative mitochondrial targeting signal. Sequence alignment showed that recombination between the 5′ region of Rfob (EU163282) and the 3′ region of PPR24 (AY285675) resulted in Rfoc, indicating a recent unequal crossing-over event between Rfo and PPR24 loci at a distance of 5.5 kb. The sterile line ‘9802A2' contains the rfob gene. In the F₂ population, Rfoc and rfob were observed to fit a segregation ratio 1:2:1 showing that Rfoc was allelic to Rfo. Previously we have reported that a fertile line ‘2006H', which carries the recessive rfob gene, is able to restore the male fertility of CMS line ‘9802A1' (Wang et al. in Theor Appl Genet 117:313-320, 2008). However, here when conducting a cross between the fertile line ‘2006H' and CMS line ‘9802A2, the resulting plants were male sterile, which shows that sterile line ‘9802A2' possesses a different nuclear background compared to ‘9802A1'. Based on these results, the genetic model of fertility restoration for radish CMS is also discussed.