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Interspecific Hybridizations in Ornamental Flowering Cherries Validated by Simple Sequence Repeat Analysis
- Margaret Pooler, Hongmei Ma
- Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 2013 v.138 no.3 pp. 198-204
- Prunus laurocerasus, Prunus serrulata, arboreta, cherries, flowering, genetic background, hybrids, indigenous species, interspecific hybridization, landscapes, microsatellite repeats, ornamental trees, sequence analysis, United States
- Flowering cherries belong to the genus Prunus, consisting primarily of species native to Asia. Despite the popularity of ornamental cherry trees in the landscape, most ornamental Prunus planted in the United States are derived from a limited genetic base of Japanese flowering cherry taxa. Controlled crosses among flowering cherry species carried out over the past 30 years at the U.S. National Arboretum have resulted in the creation of interspecific hybrids among many of these diverse taxa. We used simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers to verify 73 of 84 putative hybrids created from 43 crosses representing 20 parental taxa. All verified hybrids were within the same section (Cerasus or Laurocerasus in the subgenus Cerasus) with no verified hybrids between sections.